XYUAS

Blending li Resistance: Peppi Qab Zib

los ntawm Gabriela Acha

 

Hais txog tus kws ua haujlwm tus kws kos duab lub tsev, Daniel Buren sai li sai tau sau hais tias chav studio thav ntawv qhov tseeb thiab qhov tseeb ntawm cov duab tha xim. Hauv nws cov ntsiab lus Txoj Haujlwm ntawm Studio (1979) nws yaum tias cov ntawv tha xim sab hauv kawg yog nyob hauv chav tsev, vim tias nws tsuas yog hauv tsev ntawd tsuas yog ib qho tuaj yeem paub txoj hauv kev uas ua rau txoj haujlwm ua tsis tiav.1 Buren ua rau lub chaw haujlwm qub dhau los ua nrog lub vev xaib ntawm lub cev uas nws xaiv cov tsev kawm tshwj xeeb tsis txawv ntawm txoj kev hauv lub tsev tso rau neeg pom.

 

los ntawm Gabriela Acha

Hauv nws qhov kev ntsuas tus kheej ntawm kev ua haujlwm ntawm lub studio, Bruce Nauman coj cov teeb meem ib kauj ruam ntxiv, hais txog qhov ntawd txhua feem sab hauv lub studio lub cev - txawm ua tau coj mus ncig ntawm nws, lossis tsuas yog nthuav tawm hauv nws - tsim nyog yuav tsum qhia txog kev sawv ntsug ntawm cov laj kab kos.2 Ib qho kev qhia ntawm lub tswv yim no tuaj txog nrog nws xyoo 2001 kev teeb tsa yeeb yaj kiab UA NTEJ QHOV STUDIO Kuv thiab II, uas muaj xwm fab tuaj ntawm nws lub tsev ua hauj lwm thiab ib tug xov tooj ntawm qhov tsis tsim nyog lub sij hawm uas muaj tshwm sim nyob ntawd. Nauman tau qhia nws lub studio rau hauv lub tsev cia puav pheej, uas muaj lub zog kawg ntawm cov lus kom siv lub zog ntawm cov chav kawm artwork. Tom qab, tag nrho nws cov ntaub ntawv tsis muaj qhov ntsej muag tau muaj nyob nrog.

Hauv kev ua siab mos siab muag no, ib tus tuaj yeem hais tias txhua lub rooj sib txig hauv studio thiab lub tsev khaws puav pheej muaj lub zog hloov dua tshiab uas txhais tau tias thiab qhov xwm tsis zoo tshwm sim sab hauv, tig cov khoom, kev ua thiab txhua yam rau hauv artworks - artworks uas, ntawm Buren, yog qhov loj tshaj to taub hauv tib lub studio ntawd. Tab sis, qhov qhia lub ntsiab lus studio tswj hwm txoj haujlwm ua kom ncaj ncees, txoj kev teeb tsa txoj kev sib cais tsis sib haum nws. Tab sis dab tsi yog tias cov kev sib txawv no tau ua rau ploj mus, thiab cov haujlwm tau ua hauv lub tsev tib lub tsev ntawm qhov chaw lawv xav tau?

Nov yog lub hauv paus lus nug uas tus kws kos duab German Peppi Bottrop chaw nyob hauv QAB ZIB (2020), nws thawj qhov kev tawm yeeb yam ntawm Meyer Riegger, Berlin. Vim tias qhov xwm txheej tsis raug zam lub ntsiab yog ntau npaum li lub Rau Hli 20 qhib rau tam sim no - tshwj xeeb yog COVID-19 kev kaw thiab lub studio nyob hauv nroog loj ntawm Berlin - tus kws ua yeeb yam tau txiav txim siab siv lub gallery ntawm nws tus kheej hauv lub studio li lub asthiv dhau los. rau qhov qhib cov duab.

Bottrop muaj txhua lub sijhawm tuav nws lub neej qee zaum muaj kev ntxhov siab, thiab tau tso cai rau lawv los tsim nws txoj kev muaj tswv yim kawg. Nws tsis muaj lub ntsiab lus txiav txim siab nws xaiv cov khoom siv thoob plaws nws cov tub ntxhais kawm xyoo ntawm Kunstakademie Dusseldorf; raws li tus piv txwv nws yog tam sim no nws tau tsim tus cwj pwm ntawm stapling nws canvases rau ntawm phab ntsa. Dab tsi pib ua qhov ua tiag tiag ntawm kev xav tau hloov nws txoj kev kos npe, uas ua rau kom ntev li tam sim no. Nws lub palette tuaj yeem yog qhov tseem ceeb monochromatic vim tias nws cia siab rau cov khoom siv yooj yim heev, sib xws rau cov hluav ncaig thiab cov graphite. Thiab, ib yam li nrog Nauman, tus kws kos duab xav paub dhau mus dhau los piav qhia yog qhov khoom tiav. Qhov sib npaug sau cov kev sib tsoo nrog cov hluav ncaig hluav taws xob feem ntau tsis muaj feem xyuam dua li cov kev coj ua nyob ib puag ncig thiab tsim lawv. Txhua yam uas tshwm sim nyob rau hauv cov lus kos duab tsim, txawm hais tias los yog tsis tau qhov kawg ntawm qhov kawg los yog qhov kawg, muaj qhov sawv zoo ib yam.

nrog QAB ZIB, kev tsim khoom thiab kev ua yeeb yam ua tiav nyob hauv lub tsev zoo ib yam, thiab yog li ntawm lub sijhawm no, thaj, nws yog qhov teeb meem ntawm lub cev uas tau rov ua txoj haujlwm tiav rau hauv kev ua tiav; lub ntsiab lus hais txog "kev hloov pauv hloov hwj chim" tau hais tawm los ntawm hnub qhib. Los ntawm lub sijhawm rau cov pej xeem yuav pom cov haujlwm, txhua yam ntawm cov lus tsa suab tom qab tau dhau mus, thiab qhov seem, tom qab, yog dab tsi cov neeg siv khoom tam sim no ntsib. Cov puag ib ntu ntawm teeb duab graphite ntawm stapled canvas, kev cuam tshuam ncaj qha rau ntawm cov kab ntawm cov duab, ntxiv rau cov txheej ntawm keeb kwm kev teeb tsa canvas ua haujlwm. Kev sib lawv liag ntawm yob nris hauv neon cyan, magenta, thiab daj cowl ntau ntau ntawm cov qauv qauv (ua ke nrog lub ceilings) thiab cov mounted canvases. Cov no, txhim kho txoj hauv kev ntawm UV teeb pom kev zoo rig, coexist nrog Bottrop cov dog dig pseudo-calligraphic cov duab fawm kib ntawm nws cov khoom siv tau affixed. Tag nrho cov hauj lwm tau ua nyob rau hauv tus kws kos duab minimalist trend; ib txhia yog superimposed, yog li zoo li lub cev sib tw rau tus saib kev xav.

Raws li lub npe qhia, cov kev ua haujlwm dhau los ua ib qho kev txhob txwm ua tawm ntawm cov qub kev faib tawm ntawm cov lus tsa suab thiab cov khoom, lossis ntawm cov duab thiab chav tsev. Cov smeared partitions thov keeb kwm kev ua ntawm defiance, xws li vim hais tias cov partitions ntawm Maze Tsev Hais Plaub thoob plaws tawm tsam pib los ntawm lub Irish Republican Cov Tub Rog thiab Lub Tebchaws National Liberation Army.3 Zoo li cov ntaub ntawv hais txog kev tawm tsam kev tawm tsam (1978–1981), qhov tsis pub leej twg paub txog qhov kev ua kom huv ntawm qhov chaw tsim khoom yog qhov sib tw hauv Bottrop txoj haujlwm. Thaum lub sijhawm kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov kws tsim duab thiab cov kev tawm tsam tsis meej ntawm Troubles-era Northern Ireland yog qhov txawv heev, qhov kev ua tau zoo ntawm "kev ntxhov siab" yog cov txheej txheem ntawm kev tawm tsam nyob qis qis tseem ceeb.

Lub neon cov xim Bottrop ua rau kev siv feem ntau tsis yog qhov xav tau; lawv laim ntawm cov xim ntawm foob pob hluav taws, uas thaum siv sab nrauv ntawm lawv cov kev ua si lom zem, qhia qhov sib txawv. Ib qhov hais txog “kev tsim txom” ntawm foob pob hluav taws tau tsis ntev los no tau tshaj tawm hauv Asmeskas, tshwj xeeb hauv New York thiab San Francisco.4 Qhov no suav tias yog qhov muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm ob txoj kev laj nyob hauv qab quarantine lossis ib hom kev tawm tsam nyob rau hauv kev txheeb xyuas ntawm Black Lives Matter. Thaum ua kev zoo siab thiab yeej tsis tuaj yeem deb ntawm qhov deb, ntawm rab phom me sib txawv kuj yuav muaj kev phom sij. Lub sijhawm ib ntus thiab dav ntawm cov foob pob hluav taws yog li muaj lub zog hloov pauv uas yuav nrawm rau lawv los ntawm kev pom dhau los mus rau qhov riam phom.

Txhua qhov kev tawm tsam nom tswv tau txwv nws cov kev ua haujlwm ntawm tus kheej, txawm li cas los xij txhua lub hom phiaj kom cuam tshuam cov txheej txheem kev tsim qauv. Hauv QAB ZIB, qee qhov kev ua kom zoo nkauj thiab muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm kev tawm tsam yog kev txiav txim siab thiab rov tsim kho dua tshiab hauv chav hauv tsev. Ua raws Buren, cov lus nug yuav tsum tau sau: Yog tias hloov ib daim los ntawm chav studio mus rau qhov chaw ua yeeb yam coj nws mus ze rau kev tuag, tej zaum zoo ib yam tshwm sim nrog kev zoo nkauj ntawm kev tawm tsam? Bottrop tau teeb tsa cov lus nug seb puas los yog tsis muaj kev sib tsoo ntawm cov chav kawm paub tseeb tuaj yeem pab ua kom nrov nrov tawm tsam kev tawm tsam kev xav, tsis hais txog qhov chaw uas lawv tau ua, lossis seb puas los yog tsis muaj qhov tsis txaus siab ua rau Buren-esque futility. Nws yog cov lus nug ntxaws nyob rau hauv kev nias thib ob rau kev tawm tsam mus rau sab hauv thiab yav dhau los ntawm cov kab hauv qab.

 

1. Daniel Buren and Thomas Repensek, “The Function of the Studio,” Lub kaum hli ntuj 10 (Caij nplooj zeeg 1979), 56.
2. Saib Dorothée Brill, “Lub Studio li Artwork,” Schirn, Lub Ib Hlis 9, 2017, https://www.schirn.de/en/magazine/context/giacometti_nauman/bruce_nauman_studio_artwork/.
3. Xyoo 1978, tom qab kev tawm tsam kom paub txog kev lees paub tias yog neeg raug kaw rau nom tswv, qee qhov IRA thiab INLA cov neeg raug kaw tsis kam tawm ntawm lawv lub tsev kaw neeg vim kev txhawj xeeb ntawm kev ua phem los ntawm cov neeg raug kaw hauv tsev lojcuj. Kev tsis kam ua "tawm ntawm sab nraud" (khoob lawv lub lauj kaub), lawv tau pib pleev cov xim ntawm lawv lub hlwb. Saib “Kev tawm tsam qias neeg,” Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dirty_protest.
4. Helen Sullivan, "Tawm Mus: Lub Nroog Meskas Pom Kev tawg ntawm Kev Siv Hluav Taws Xob," tus saib xyuas, Lub Xya hli ntuj 23, 2020, https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jun/23/us-cities-see-explosion-in-use-of-fireworks-coronavirus-protest.

 

at Meyer Riegger, Berlin
txog 22 Lub Yim Hli 2020